PICTOGRAMS AND HAZARD CODES

Compared to the current EU system the most noticeable change are the pictograms (formerly: hazard symbols). While the most of the GHS pictograms have an equivalent in the old system, the pictograms GHS 04, GHS 07 and GHS 08 are completely new.

The GHS System is built on 16 physical, 10 health and 3 environmental hazard classes and comprises the following communication elements:


9 Pictograms

 

Description
Pictogram
Hazard class and hazard category:
     
Exploding Bomb
GHS01
exploding bomb pictogram
Unstable explosives
Explosives of Divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4
Self reactive substances and mixtures, Types A,B
Organic peroxides, Types A,B

Flame
GHS02
flame pictogram
Flammable gases, category 1
Flammable aerosols, categories 1,2
Flammable liquids, categories 1,2,3
Flammable solids, categories 1,2
Self-reactive substances and mixtures, Types B,C,D,E,F
Pyrophoric liquids, category 1
Pyrophoric solids, category 1
Self-heating substances and mixtures, categories 1,2
Substances and mixtures, which in contact with water,
emit flammable gases, categories 1,2,3
Organic peroxides, Types B,C,D,E,F

Flame Over Circle
GHS03
Flame over circle pictogram
Oxidizing gases, category 1
Oxidizing liquids, categories 1,2,3

Gas Cylinder
GHS04
Gas Cylinder
Gases under pressure:
- Compressed gases
- Liquefied gases
- Refrigerated liquefied gases 
- Dissolved gases

Corrosion
GHS05
corrosion pictogram
Corrosive to metals, category 1
Skin corrosion, categories 1A,1B,1C
Serious eye damage, category 1

Skull and Crossbones
GHS06
Skull pictogram
Acute toxicity (oral, dermal, inhalation), categories 1,2,3

Exclamation Mark
GHS07
exclamation mark pictogram
Acute toxicity (oral, dermal, inhalation), category 4
Skin irritation, category 2
Eye irritation, category 2
Skin sensitisation, category 1
Specific Target Organ Toxicity C Single exposure, category 3

Health Hazard
GHS08
health hazard pictogram
Respiratory sensitization, category 1
Germ cell mutagenicity, categories 1A,1B,2
Carcinogenicity, categories 1A,1B,2
Reproductive toxicity, categories 1A,1B,2
Specific Target Organ Toxicity C Single exposure, categories 1,2
Specific Target Organ Toxicity C Repeated exposure, categories 1,2
Aspiration Hazard, category 1

Environment
GHS09
environment pictogram
Hazardous to the aquatic environment
- Acute hazard, category1
- Chronic hazard, categories 1,2

2018Ʊн